Is Eternity of Man Possible?

Those who do not support the theory of eternity of man and deny this reality - state that the occurrence of such an event is impossible. Of course, two explanations exist, for their claims of the impossibility of this reality, 1) The basis of the first objection is doubt and uncertainty in the Power of Allàh. Such people state that Allàh does not have the Power to make man alive again after death, or to grant him a new life, once dead.

2) Bodies that have decayed and turned to earth are in such a state that they are not capable of being collected and as a result, it is not possible to bring them forth in the form of a man. The Islamic philosophers and other scholars, for the occurrence of each and everything, consider two points to be necessary: 1. Power and the will of the agent. 2. Receptivity of the recipient. As a result, if on an occasion, the power or the will of the agent exists, but the recipient lacks the receptivity for a particular work, the work can be reckoned to be impossible.

Here too, some are of the belief that the Power of Allàh is infinite, however, collection of the decayed bodies is an act, which does not possess possibility. The Holy Qur’àn, in response to the first objection proceeds to state and explain the Infinite Power of Allàh, and compares the re-creation of man after death to the great creation of the heavens and the earth and reminds that He who has created this entire universe also possesses the Power to give life to the dead.

“Is not He who created the heavens and the earth able to create (again) the like of them. Yea! and He is the Creator, the All-Knowing.”[1]

It is self-evident that the creation of the heavens and the earth is Greater than the creation of man. So when Allàh is Powerful to create the entire Existence, would he not be Powerful to create man, who is just a part of the entire Existence, once again?

The Holy Qur’àn in reply to the second objection also alludes to the first creation of man and says: “So they say Who will bring us to life? Say: He who created you the first time.”[2]

In another verse it states: “And he strikes out a likeness for Us and forgets his own creation. Says he: Who will give life to the bones when they are rotten. Say: He will give life to them Who brought them into existence at first, and He is Cognizant of all creation.”[3]

The above verse alludes to a philosophical proof [4], which states that if two or more things are similar to each other, then with respect to being possible (in existence) and not being possible (in existence), they are equal. That is, if one is possible (to exist) the other will also be possible (to exist) and vice-versa, if one is impossible (to exist), the other shall also be impossible (to exist).

Thus Allàh, Who created man in the first instance would also be Powerful to create him once again, since the second creation is not only possible but, assuming that the words 'difficult' and 'simple' convey their meanings in the Holy Presence of Allàh also, the re-creation appears to be simpler. Since, in the first creation, neither was experience at work, nor did a model-plan exist, whereas in the re-creation, both experience and a model-plan exist[5].

In any event, from the human point of view, the re-creation must be simpler than the creation of man at the first instance, although, with respect to Allàh, both are easy and similar.

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