Shi'ite Scholars in the Field of Biography Compilation(Rijal)

From among the Tabi'een, according to the Al-Fahrist of Ash-Shaikh, Ubaidullah Bin Abu Rafe'a, the secretary of Amir-ul-Mu'minin Ali(A.S.) wrote a book about those persons from among the companions of the Holy Prophet(S.A.W.) who participated in the Battle of Jamal, Siffin and Nehrwan on the side of Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib(A.S.). He died during the first century.
Other writers who contributed to this field of studies are the following:

1. Hisham Bin Muhammad As-Sa'id al-Kalabi.
Ibn-un-Nadim has mentioned the following books among his writings:
i) Kitab-u-Awlad-il-Khulafa'.
ii) Ummahat- un-Nabi;
iii) Ummahat-ul-Khulafa';
iv) Al-'Aawaqil;
v) Tasmiyat-u-Wulid-ul-Abdul Muttalib;
vi) Kuna Aba'-ir-Rusul.
He died in 206 A.H.

4. Al-Waqidi, Muhammad Bin 'Umar.
According to Ibn -un-Nadim's opinion, he was a Shi'ite. He is the author of At-Tabaqat and Tarikh-ul-Fuqaha'. He died in 208 A.H.

5. Abul Qasim Nasr Bin as-Sabah al-Balkhi.
An-Najashi has said that he wrote Ma'rifat-un-Naqilin.
He died during the third century.
Muhammad Bin 'Umar Bin Abdul Aziz al-Kishi who is well-Known biographer and the author of Rijal-ul-Kishi often cites from Abul Qasim Nasr. Al-Kishi died during the fourth century.

6.Abu Yu'la Hamza Bin qasim Al-'Alawi.
He was from among the descendents of Abbas Bin Ali Bin Abi Talib. According to An-Najashi, he wrote a book on biography which he reported from Imam Ja'far Sadiq(A.S.). An-Najashi describes this book as good. He died during the third century.

7. Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin al-Hasan bin Ali al-Muharibi.
An-Najashi reports that he wrote a book on Rijial which was heard by a group of Shi'ites who has praised it. An-Najashi has given the authorities for this book. He died during the third or fourth century.

8. Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Jabalah bin Hayyan bin Abjar al-Kinani al-Kufi.
According to An-Najashi, he wrote a book on Rijal. Either he or al-Yaqtini (whose account will follow) or Muhammad bin Khalid al-Barqi was the first one to write a book in this field because all the three lived in the same age. As-Suyuti has said in al-Awa'il that the first one to write a book on Rijal was Shu'bah. But Shu'bah died in 260 A.H. and therefore, ibn Jabalah is senior to him because he died in 219 A.H.

9. Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Isa bin 'Ubaid bin Yaqtin al-'Ubaidi al-Yaqtini.
According to An-Najashi, he was the author of a book on Rijal. He died during the third century.

10. Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Faddal.
Both An-Najashi and Ash-Shaikh have mentioned him as being the author of a book on Rijal. He died in 224 A.H.

11. Ali bin al-Hasan bin Ali bin Faddal.
According to At-Ta'liqah, many scholars depend upon in connection with biographical data. From this statement, it appeared that he probably wrote a book on Rijal. He died during the third century.

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