Imam hasan

Ambushing them, Busr killed numerous men and captured a number of women and children. For the ever-first time Muslim women and children were captured. [1] These measures were once again adopted later in Karbalā. About Busr, Mas‘ūdī has written that he slayed a number from the tribes of Khuzā‘a and Hamdān together with a group known as al-Abnā’ (from Iranian race) in Yemen.
ولم يبلغه عن أحد انه يمالي علياَ او يهواه الا قتله[2 “He killed anyone of whose attachment to ‘Alī he heard.”

Setting out to Anbār, ‘Awf Ibn Sufyān martyred Ibn Hassān al-Bakrī in addition to Shi‘ites men and women. [3]

After Hasan Ibn ‘Alī (a) had to compromise with Mu‘āwiya, one of the menaces Imām felt was the security of ‘Alī’s Shi‘ite Muslims. Hence it was stipulated within the contract that ‘Alī’s disciples should be all endowed with security. Although Mu‘āwiya had conceded it, immediately on the same day he announced that he would disregard the entire commitments.

Since Kūfa was the center of Shi‘ite Muslims’ political and religious tendencies, Mu‘āwiya had to appoint one who can curb such people. Following the clashes between ‘Abd Allāh Ibn ‘Amr Ibn ‘Ās and Mughīra Ibn Shu‘ba who could keep up with Mu‘āwiya in deception, Mughīra eventually flourished to be appointed as the governor of Kūfa.

Mu‘āwiya’s endeavor was to have politically peaceful treatments towards the opponents as much as he could. The bases of two groups of the Umayya adversaries such as theKhāridjites and Shi‘ite Muslims were in Iraq. The Khāridjites revolted several times but were suppressed with all possible haste. But on the other hand, Shi‘ite Muslims by virtue of the contract signed between Hasan Ibn ‘Alī and Mu‘āwiya, did not permit themselves to transgress. Mughīra also intended to take no action except against the one revolting. As a result, even the Khāridjites of Kūfa also had apparent relations with one another. [4]

Among the Iraqi tribes, the tribes of Rabi‘a, Hamdān [5], Banū ‘Abd al-Qays and Khuzā‘a (few in Iraq) had Shi‘ites inclination.

In his remarks addressing the tribe of Banū ‘Abd al-Qays, Sa‘sa‘a Ibn Sūhān said, “When apostasy was common, you did remain beside the religion and when some followed ‘Āyisha, Talha, Zubayr and ‘Abd Allāh

[1] Tardjamat al-imām al-Hasan, vol.V, p.11
[2] Murūdj al-dhahab, vol.III, p.22
“Busr also was determined to slay anyone who might have had a hand ‘Uthmān’s assassination” Tārīkh al-tabarī has written. Tārīkh al-tabarī, vol.IV, p.134
[3] al-Aghānī, vol.XVI, pp.266, 267
[4] Tārīkh al-tabarī, vol.IV, p. 132
[5] Murūdj al-dhahab, vol.II, p.379


Ibn Wahb Rāsibī, you declared that,
انا لا نريد إلا أهل البيتالذي ابتدأنا الله من قبلهم بالكرامة [1 “You seek naught save Ahl al-Bayt, at first by whom Allāh had granted you blessing.”

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