Imam Muhammad Ibn `Ali al-Jawad (at-Taqi) (A.S.)
(peace be Upon him)
Imam Muhammad al-jawad was brought up by his Holy father Imam `Ali ar-Rida for four years. under the force of circumstances Imam ` Ali ar-Rida had to migrate form Medina to khurasan (Iran), leaving his young son behind him. the Imam was fully aware of the treacherous character of the ruling king and was sure that he would return to Medina no more. So before his departure from Medina he declared his son Muhammad al-Jawad as his successor, and imparted to him all his stores of divine knowledge and spiritual genius.
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Imam Ali ar-Rida was poisoned on 17th safari 203 AH and with effect from the same date Imam Muhammad al-jawad was commissioned by Allah to hold the responsibility of Imamate. At the tender age of eight there was no apparent chance or means of the young Imam reaching great heights of knowledge and practical achievements. But after a for days hi is known not only to have debated with his contemporary scholars on subjects pertaining to fiqh ( Islamic jurisprudence), hadith ( tradition), tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis), etc. and outwitted them, but also to exhort their admiration and acknowledgment of his learning and superiority. right from then the world realized that he possessed divine knowledge and that the knowledge commanded by the Holy Imam was not acquired, but granted by Allah.
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Literary Attainments and excellence:
The span of the life of Imam Muhammad al-Jawad was shorter than that of his predecessors as well as his successors. He become Imam at the age of eight years and was poisoned at the age of twenty - five ; yet his literary attainments were many and his commanded great respect and esteem. The Holy Imam al-Jawad was the symbol of Prophet Muhammad's affability and Imam `All's attainments. His hereditary qualities comprised of gallantry, boldness, charity, learning, forgiveness and tolerance, The brightest and most outstanding phases of his nature and character were to show hospitality and courtesy to all without discrimination , to help the needy; to observe equality under all circumstances, to live a simple life; to help the orphans, the poor and the homeless; to impart learning to those interested in the acquisition of knowledge and guide the people to the right path.